ITO is typically possesses better conductivity than AZO (aluminium doped zinc oxide), which means that ITO film is more conductive than AZO for a given thickness. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an inorganic compound widely used in everyday applications. Due to their unique properties, nanoparticles have gained considerable importance compared to bulk counterparts. Nanotechnology is the most innovative field of 21st century. Zinc oxide blocks ultraviolet light, so is used in sunscreens. Nanoparticles are particles are typically less than 100 nanometers in diameter or 0.1 microns. Copper nanoparticles increased risk of pulmonary infections. ZnO is currently listed as a generally recognized as safe (GRAS) material by the Food and Drug Administration and is used as food additive. Bulk zinc oxide is white, but nanoparticulate zinc oxide is invisible on the skin. Disadvantages of Chemical Synthesis of Nanoparticles. To reduce the opaque appearance of zinc oxide, many sunscreen companies are making the particle smaller through a process referred to as “micronizing” to produce nanosized zinc particles. Thus, ZnO in nanoscale has shown antimicrobial … Nevertheless, the crosslink degree achieved is higher than those obtained with zinc oxide nanoparticles. e chemical synthesis methods of ZnO NPs like chemi-cal precipitation, hydrothermal method, pyrolysis, chemical vapour deposition, and so forth result in the presence of ... Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles. The advent of nanotechnology has led the development of materials with new properties for use as antimicrobial agents. Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of nanotechnology. presence of magnesium into the zinc oxide structure. The relationship between the method of synthesis and the properties of the systems obtained is shown. The unique optical and antibacterial properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles and the relevant areas of their practical … The physical, chemical, and biological methods for the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles are considered; their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. Despite the assumption that the microsized titanium dioxide (micro-TiO 2) is harmless to people and animals [58, 59], the issue of TiO 2 toxicity has been a research subject in many scientific centers. They show a strong agglomeration tendency and are prone to dissolving meaning that in addition to the actual nanoparticles there are always dissolved zinc ions present in aqueous solution. Zinc oxide nanoparticles are toxic to mammalian cells grown under laboratory conditions but their effects on passing through food chains is unknown. Toxicity of Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles. 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